X10 Overview

X10 is the name of a company, a set of protocols designed by that company, and the products they make and sell (as do other companies) based on those protocols. These devices and protocols are used to remotely control devices (modules) with no wires directly between them.

Three media are used:

All of these media use one-way transmission. The controlled device does not send a signal back to the controller acknowledging the signal or confirming that action was taken (there is a new breed of devices that do, but they are the exception).

Each controlled module is identified by a house code (letters A to P) and a unit code (numbers 1 to 16) for a total of 256 codes. More than one module can have the same code. All modules can respond to ON and OFF commands. Lamp modules can also respond to DIM commands, ALL LIGHTS ON, and ALL LIGHTS OFF commands. Most controllers can only control one house code at a time, and most only control the first 8 unit codes.

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